Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Photo Gallery: Breaking the Rules

Boy on Trampoline

Photograph by James Nachtwey, National Geographic

Learn the rules of photography—then break them. While the conventional guidelines provide an important framework, once you learn the basics, there are no limits to personal expression.

Break the Rule of Thirds

A basic rule of composition is to divide your frame into thirds and then place the subject at the intersection of the lines, or "sweet spots," allowing the eye to take in the entire scene.
Powerful images can also be created by placing your subject in the center, especially when there is symmetry and a strong point of reference, as in this image of children playing on a trampoline in South Africa. The energy of the jumping boy in the center is enhanced by the fact that the eye is drawn directly to him, while the children on either side form a pleasing frame.

Morning Exercise, Shanghai
Photograph by Justin Guariglia, National Geographic

Silhouetted against the Shanghai skyline, a group does morning exercises on the Bund.

Shoot Into the Light

Shooting with the light source behind you, so that the subject is illuminated from the front, is an oft-cited rule of thumb.
Backlighting creates the opposite effect—and serves to separate the background from the subject in a way that can be quite dramatic. If you want a silhouette, expose for the background. When shooting against the sun, wait for the moment when it is masked by something in the frame, so that the picture is not overwhelmed with light.

Bonanza Creek Ranch

Photograph by Raul Touzon, National Geographic

A red barn is part of Bonanza Creek Ranch, a working ranch and movie set.

Tilt Your Camera

Keeping the horizon line—and overall scene—straight is an important rule of photography when composing for almost any landscape. However, an intentional and dramatic tilt of the camera can add a dynamic twist to your shot, transforming the scene from the expected to something surprising.


Photograph by Joseph Valdivia, Your Shot

A ballerina performs in Rochester, Minnesota.

Create Movement Blur

What might start out as the unintentional result of a shaky camera can actually be quite compelling—and lend just the right mood to your shot. Try shooting at slow shutter speeds to deliberately blur your subject. To provide a point of reference, keep a small portion of the shot sharp. In some cases, if the subject is graphic enough, a blurred shot can result in a beautiful and abstract image.

Three Boys in Midair

Photograph by Amy Toensing, National Geographic

Young men jump off a bridge into the Mulwala Canal in Deniliquin, Australia.

Take Photos in the Middle of the Day

Early morning and late afternoon are often cited as the ideal time to shoot: With the sun lower in the sky, the light has mellower tones and creates long shadows. But sometimes the harsh midday light can lend the right mood to your subject, and the compact, distinct shadows work to your advantage.

Amish Women on Beach

Photograph by Johnny Nicoloro, National Geographic

Amish women walk on a beach in Waveland, Mississippi.

Reverse the Active Space Rule

Rather than leave space in the frame for your subject to move into, as the active space rule suggests, try to do the opposite. Photographing your subjects moving out of, rather than into, the frame creates a sense of movement—and interest about what is being left behind.

Two Women, Beijing

Photograph by Randy Olson, National Geographic

A young woman is framed, in focus, behind another in Beijing, China.

Shoot Out of Focus

Leave your main subject unfocused and instead focus on a secondary detail in the scene. In this shot, the layered effect creates a sense of peeking behind the scenes. Switch into manual focus mode and use a wide aperture to get a narrow depth of field. Experiment by choosing objects in the foreground, or background, to keep sharp. Or, try having the entire image out of focus—just be sure to keep the subject in just enough focus to discern what it is.

Times Square

Photograph by Michael Yamashita, National Geographic

A photographic technique blurs a view of Times Square in New York City.

Zoom In While Shooting

Zooming in or out with your zoom lens while taking a shot is another way to create motion and dimension. Hold your camera still, select a shutter speed slow enough to accommodate your zooming range, and zoom at a smooth, consistent pace. Choosing situations where there are available light sources can really boost this effect.

Woman in Raft

Photograph by Randy Olson, National Geographic

A woman floats in a raft on Kuril Lake in Kurilskoye Lake Preserve in Kamchatka, Russia.

Embrace Negative Space

Empty space does not mean wasted space. Think of the empty space as an object, and lend the same consideration to its placement as you would other elements in the frame. In this case, negative space and framing work in tandem to reinforce the tranquil and dreamy mood.

Source :National Geographic


Sunday, July 17, 2011

Focus Stacking

Getting Started With Focus Stacking

To get started with focus stacking, you’ll need four things:
  • computer with Zerene Stacker software ( 30 days free trial here )
  • digital camera that allows manual focusing
  • subject that doesn’t move
  • something to hold your camera steady
Notice that it’s a short list. Some people who do focus stacking use fancy cameras, expensive lenses, lighting setups worthy of a portrait studio, and elaborate positioning devices. Maybe you’ll get there too. But you certainly don’t need those things to get started and to make great pictures that you can’t get any other way.
For this  tutorial, let’s start by “playing with matches”. Here’s what we’re going to end up with:
Before focus stacking, this picture would have been very difficult to make. But with Zerene Stacker, it’s easy.
Here’s the setup. This is just a compact digital camera (Canon PowerShot A710) mounted on an ordinary tripod.
Here is what the camera sees, when stopped down for maximum depth-of-field (DOF) and focused on the front and rear of our tabletop scene. It’s obvious that the camera needs some help!
image003.jpg image004.jpg
To handle this problem, we simply set the camera on manual focus and shoot a series of pictures changing the focus point from front to back in small steps. On this particular camera, we can see exactly what we’re doing on the camera’s LCD panel.
To be sure we get everything in focus in some picture, we make small focus steps. This example has a lot of depth, so we get a lot of pictures — 19 of them, in fact.
After that, it’s easy! We just load the 19 pictures into Zerene Stacker and select Stack > Align & Stack All (PMax). Then we watch as the final image gets assembled. When that’s done, we do a File > Save Output Image and we have the final picture, as shown at the start of this tutorial.
At this point, you’re probably thinking, “That’s pretty simple! But surely there must be more to it than that?”
Well, that depends entirely on how deep you want to go. Entire university theses have been written on small aspects of focus stacking. In this first tutorial we’ve barely scratched the surface of Zerene Stacker’s capabilities. But the small amount that we have covered so far is all you need to get started. For a lot of photos, it’s all that you’ll ever need.

Here is a quick summary of the main points in this tutorial:

a) Be sure the subject doesn’t move.
b) Shoot lots of pictures with small focus steps.
c) Use Align & Stack All (PMax)

Source : Zerene Stacker

Wednesday, July 13, 2011

Hard Rock Hotel Singapore - (Resorts World Sentosa)

Hard Rock Hotel Singapore is situated within Resorts World Sentosa, home to Universal Studios. The brand new rock and roll hotel opened in January 2010, is part of the 121 acre Resorts World Sentosa that comprises of 6 hotels, Universal Studios theme park, the world's largest Marine Life Park and more than 60 dining outlets and a casino.

The Deluxe rooms offer stylish and contemporary design, with plush furnishings and ambient lighting. The creatively design wardrobe are design to open from both side, along the walkway and the bathroom. The rooms comes with Simmons "Cool Max" bed in king size or two double bed, a pull-out bed stored neatly below the bed. All rooms are equipped with coffee/tea making facilities, complimentary bottles of mineral water, LCD TV, CD player and iPod docking station. Wireless internet access is also available at a separate charge. The bathroom is designed to make you feel like you are in your own backstage dressing room.
Resorts World Sentosa - Hard Rock Hotel is a 10-minute drive from Singapore's central business district and a 25-minute drive from Changi International Airport. This design hotel is just 5 minutes by car from VivoCity Shopping Mall.

For a more enjoyable stay, guests can take advantage of a variety of recreational facilities, including massage, pool (kids), kids club, gym, spa, outdoor pool. Exclusive Hard Rock Hotel Singapore souvenirs can be bought at The Rock Shop.

More shot please click here.